OVER 600 SITES IN BRITAIN ALL BUILT AS A SINGLE UNIT
This was erected in stages during the period 2800 to 1700 B.C., as a celestial observatory and calculator.
• Forty blue stones, each weighing 5 tons, were transported 240 miles over land and water.
• Other blocks are 25 and 50 tons—and came from a quarry 20 miles distant.
• These 18-foot sandstone pillars were erected in a circular colonnade, and then connected by horizontal slabs atop them. Holes in the slabs fitted exactly onto projections from the flat-top uprights. Somebody had to lift these 20 feet, and (if we accept their astronomical purpose) it all had to be fitted to the nearest inch. (Even today this would not be easy.)
Historical legend asserts that some form of prehistoric machinery provided the lift needed, thus enabling the stones to be laid lightly.
Somehow, by a technology unknown, the Stonehengers figured out beforehand the depth of hole required to match up exactly—working out results in advance that would need the help of a computer today. Certainly they required tools and instruments of exactitude those in present use.
The huge masonry of Stonehenge was interlocked with scientific precision. Such difficult calculations presuppose the existence of writing. The tenons and mortices on the raised stones indicate architectural skills sufficient to build stone houses. The whole demands a high level of intellectual attainment—a veritable Newton or Einstein must have been
Do you see what this means? Yet Stonehenge is only part of an extensive complex of giant circles, monuments, and streets as broad as motorways, throughout Britain.
A temple here is claimed to have been larger than Stonehenge. It once had 650 mammoth stones forming a huge circle around an artificial hill. For centuries the breaking up of the stones for building has left only twenty still
21 (S): 600 SITES ALL OVER BRITAIN
• These sites were laid out with a precision that today can be
measured only by a highly qualified team of surveyors—with a scientific exactitude (in some cases) of 1 in 1,500.
• And get this. Many of the stones have cup and ring markings carved to a diameter accuracy within a few thousandths of an inch!
• The builders all worked to an exact unit of length measure from one end of Britain to the other—the “megalithic yard” (2,720 feet). Such uniformity suggests that one central authority sent out the standard rods and planned and directed the construction of all the sites.
• Some are not in circles but enormous ellipses—planned to
observe the bobs and weaves of the moon before the eclipses. (This setting out was only possible with complex theorems based on Pythagorean triangles.)
• What is more, the differences and strategy of locations made possible a knowledge of the curvature and size of the earth.
• All sites appear to be aligned in a single geometric pattern. A check of more than 3,000 prehistoric stone circles and single standing stones shows that every one is aligned to neighbors up to 20 miles away at an angle of 23-1/2 degrees, or a multiple of that angle. (This is most significant, because it is the angle of the inclination of the earth’s axis.)
ALSO IN BRITAIN
• West Kennet Long Barrow (constructed long before 2000 B.C.) was a burial mound 350 feet long and up to 75 feet wide, terminating in a sepulchre blocked by enormous stones. One stone weighed 20 tons. Probably the oldest in Britain, it exhibits building skills of the highest order.
Silbury Hill (the largest artificial earth mound in Europe) covers 5.5 acres and rises to 130 feet. It was carefully built with internal radial walls for stability and shows insight into the problems of soil engineering. The list grows.