April 24-25, 1920 – THE SAN REMO CONFERENCE – The Jewish people were given “title” to Jerusalem under international law.
Is there a simple answer to the question of who owns or has the legal right to Jerusalem? Dr. Jacques Gauthier, a Canadian lawyer who specializes in international law, answered that question
with a resounding yes and suggested that if a theoretical court that was 100-percent objective were to study the legally relevant facts, ignoring politics, it would find unequivocally that only Israel possesses the exclusive title to Jerusalem.
The core of his argument and its most original aspect is the emphasis he places on the San Remo Conference of April 24-25, 1920.
The conference was a continuation of earlier gatherings held by the victors of World War I to determine how to handle a vast array of issues, including setting national borders for new nation-states and mandates. It was the “final hearing” of a “world court,” the council of the five leading nations and victors of World War I. The “case” before the “court” began at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919.
The Jewish claim submitted to the world powers was for: the Jews’ standing to be recognized as a people under the law of nations; the recognition of the Jewish historical connection to the area then known as “Palestine”; and the right to “reconstitute” Jewish historical rights in Palestine.
The San Remo military and political leaders agreed to all of the Jewish representatives’ requests. The case and all arguments are basically over at this point. The Jewish people were given “title” to Jerusalem under international law.
Gauthier calls April 24-25 in San Remo the “key defining moment in history” on the issue of title to Jerusalem and says that Chaim Weizmann called the decision the “most important moment for the Jewish people since the exile.”